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Git and GitHub Version Control Experiment

Title: Git and GitHub Version Control Experiment

Objective:

The objective of this experiment is to demonstrate the basics of version control using Git and GitHub. We will create a simple repository, make changes to files, commit those changes, and push them to a remote GitHub repository.

Prerequisites:

  • Git installed on your local machine. You can download it from https://git-scm.com/downloads.
  • A GitHub account. You can sign up for free at https://github.com.

Experiment Steps:

Step 1: Set up Git Configuration

Open a terminal or command prompt and run the following commands to configure your Git identity:
       git config --global user.name "Your Name"
       git config --global user.email "youremail@example.com"

Step 2: Create a Local Git Repository

  1. Create a new directory on your local machine for the project.
  2. Navigate to the project directory using the terminal.
  3. Initialize a new Git repository:

       git init

Step 3: Create a Sample File

  1. Create a simple text file called sample.txt in the project directory with some content.

Step 4: Add and Commit the File

  1. Add the file to the staging area:

        git add sample.txt

  • Commit the changes with a meaningful message:

        git commit -m "Add sample.txt file"

Step 5: Create a GitHub Repository

  1. Go to https://github.com and log in to your GitHub account.
  2. Click on the "+" icon in the top right corner and select "New repository."
  3. Give your repository a name and optional description, then click "Create repository."

Step 6: Link Local Repository to GitHub Repository

  1. In the terminal, add the remote URL of the GitHub repository to your local repository:

        git remote add origin <GitHub_Repository_URL>

Step 7: Push Changes to GitHub

  1. Push the committed changes to the remote GitHub repository:

        git push -u origin master

Step 8: Make Changes and Push Again

  1. Edit the sample.txt file and add some new content.
  2. Save the changes and commit them:

        git add sample.txt

        git commit -m "Update sample.txt file"

  • Push the changes to the GitHub repository:

        git push

Step 9: Check GitHub Repository

  1. Open your GitHub repository in the browser and verify that the changes you made locally are reflected in the repository on GitHub.

Conclusion:

In this experiment, you learned the basic workflow of using Git and GitHub for version control. You created a local Git repository, added and committed files, linked it to a remote GitHub repository, and pushed changes to GitHub. This simple example demonstrates the power and convenience of version control in collaborative software development.

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