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Showing posts from August, 2023

Experiment: CI/CD Pipeline Implementation with Maven and Jenkins on Ubuntu

 Title:  CI/CD Pipeline Implementation with Maven and Jenkins on Ubuntu Objective: In this example, we will demonstrate the step-by-step implementation of a CI/CD pipeline using Maven and Jenkins on an Ubuntu system. We'll create a simple Java application, set up Jenkins to build and test the application, and trigger the pipeline whenever changes are pushed to a Git repository. Prerequisites: Ubuntu system (or a compatible Linux distribution) with JDK and Maven installed. Jenkins installed and running on the Ubuntu system. Git repository (e.g., GitHub, GitLab) to store the code. Steps: To organize your Java source code with the correct package structure and compile it in Ubuntu, you can follow these steps: Open a terminal on your Ubuntu machine. Navigate to your project directory where you want to create the Java source code and the pom.xml file. For example: cd ~/my-java-project Create the necessary directory structure for your Java source code: mkdir -p src/main/java/com/ex

Difference between GitHub, GitLab and BitBucket

GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket are three popular web-based platforms that provide version control and collaboration services, primarily using Git. While they share the core purpose of helping developers manage and collaborate on code, they differ in terms of features, pricing, and target audiences. Here's a comparison of the three: GitHub: Ownership: Owned by Microsoft. Community Focus: GitHub is widely used and has a large developer community. It's often the go-to platform for open-source projects. Pricing: Offers free public repositories. For private repositories and additional features, there's a pricing structure. Features: Provides issue tracking, wikis, code review, continuous integration (CI) workflows with GitHub Actions, and more. Integration: Well-integrated with various third-party services and tools. Marketplace: Offers a marketplace for third-party apps and integrations. Ease of Use: Known for its user-friendly interface and straightforward setup. Collabo

Difference between GitHub and GitLab

GitHub and GitLab are both web-based platforms used for version control and collaborative software development. While they share similarities, they also have notable differences in terms of features, hosting options, pricing, and community engagement. Here's a comparison of GitHub and GitLab: 1. Purpose: GitHub: Primarily focuses on hosting and collaborating on open-source and private software projects. GitLab: Offers a wider range of features, including version control, issue tracking, continuous integration (CI/CD), and more, making it suitable for both software development and DevOps practices. 2. Hosting Options: GitHub: Primarily a cloud-based service hosted by GitHub itself. GitLab: Offers both a cloud-hosted version ( and a self-hosted, on-premises version (GitLab CE/EE), providing more flexibility in deployment. 3. Pricing Models: GitHub: Offers both free plans for public repositories and paid plans for private repositories and advanced features. GitLab: Of

Error: Jenkins is having trouble accessing the Docker socket and the Dockerfile

The error message you're encountering indicates that Jenkins is having trouble accessing the Docker socket and the Dockerfile in your Jenkins job's workspace. This is often due to permissions and configuration issues. Here are the steps to troubleshoot and resolve this issue: Docker Socket Permission: The error message "permission denied" indicates that Jenkins doesn't have the necessary permission to access the Docker daemon socket (/var/run/docker.sock). Add Jenkins to Docker Group: The most common approach to address this is to add the jenkins user (or the user under which Jenkins is running) to the docker group. This allows the user to access the Docker daemon socket without needing sudo privileges. Run the following commands in your terminal to add the Jenkins user to the docker group: sudo usermod -aG docker jenkins newgrp docker  # This command activates the group change for the current shell session Restart Jenkins: After adding the Jenkins user to the doc

Configure Build Trigger in Jenkin

To configure build triggers in Jenkins to be triggered when changes are pushed to a GitHub repository, you can follow these steps: Access Jenkins: Open your Jenkins dashboard in a web browser. Navigate to Your Project: Click on the name of the project (Freestyle project) you want to configure. Configure Build Triggers: In the project configuration, scroll down to the section labeled "Build Triggers." Check the Option "GitHub Hook Trigger for GITScm polling": Check the box next to "GitHub Hook Trigger for GITScm polling." This option tells Jenkins to listen for GitHub webhook events and trigger builds when changes are pushed to the repository. Save Configuration: Scroll down and click the "Save" or "Apply" button to save your project's configuration changes. Configure GitHub Webhook: Now you need to set up a webhook in your GitHub repository to notify Jenkins about repository events. Go to your GitHub repository. Click on "Setti

Passwordless Privileges to Jenkins as sudo user

Giving Jenkins sudo privileges to write in Ubuntu involves adding the Jenkins user to the sudo group. Here's how you can do it using the usermod command: Open a terminal on your Ubuntu machine. Add the Jenkins user to the sudo group:                sudo usermod -aG sudo jenkins Explanation of the command: sudo: Run the command with superuser privileges. usermod: Modify user account properties. -aG sudo: Add the user to the "sudo" group. jenkins: The username of the Jenkins user. You might also need to grant passwordless sudo access to the Jenkins user. To do this, edit the sudoers file:                sudo visudo Add the following line to the file, replacing "jenkins" with the actual username if it's different:                jenkins ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL This line allows the Jenkins user to execute all commands with sudo privileges without being prompted for a p

Permission to run docker command without sudo in Ubuntu

sudo usermod -aG docker $USER newgrp docker Running the command sudo usermod -aG docker $USER adds your user to the "docker" group, allowing you to use Docker commands without using sudo each time. However, please note that changes to group membership do not take effect in the current shell session. After running the command, you would generally need to either log out and log back in or run the newgrp docker   command to start a new shell session with the updated group membership. Here's a breakdown of what each command does: sudo usermod -aG docker $USER : This command adds your current user ($USER) to the "docker" group using the usermod command. The -aG options stand for "append to group" and specify that you want to add the user to the specified group. newgrp docker : This command starts a new shell session with the group set to "docker". This allows you to immediately start using Docker commands without ne

Manage a webhook with Jenkins configuration in GitHub

To manage a webhook with Jenkins configuration in GitHub, follow these steps: Install and Set Up Jenkins: If you haven't already, install Jenkins on your server or local machine and set it up following the necessary steps for your environment. Install Required Jenkins Plugins: Install the necessary plugins in Jenkins to enable integration with GitHub. Some commonly used plugins include "GitHub Integration Plugin," "GitHub Organization Folder Plugin," and "GitHub Pull Request Builder Plugin." Create a GitHub Personal Access Token: To allow Jenkins to interact with your GitHub repositories, you'll need to generate a personal access token on GitHub. Go to your GitHub account settings > Developer settings > Personal access tokens, and create a new token with the required permissions (usually repo and admin:repo_hook). Set Up GitHub Credentials in Jenkins: In Jenkins, navigate to "Manage Jenkins" > "Manage Credentials" &g

Git and GitHub Version Control Experiment

Title: Git and GitHub Version Control Experiment Objective: The objective of this experiment is to demonstrate the basics of version control using Git and GitHub. We will create a simple repository, make changes to files, commit those changes, and push them to a remote GitHub repository. Prerequisites: Git installed on your local machine. You can download it from A GitHub account. You can sign up for free at Experiment Steps: Step 1: Set up Git Configuration Open a terminal or command prompt and run the following commands to configure your Git identity:         git config --global "Your Name"         git config --global "" Step 2: Create a Local Git Repository Create a new directory on your local machine for the project. Navigate to the project directory using the terminal. Initialize a new Git repository:         git

Install and start Git on Linux

To install and start Git on Linux, you can follow these steps: Check if Git is Already Installed: First, check if Git is already installed on your Linux system by opening a terminal and running the following command: git --version If Git is already installed, you will see the version number. If not, you will need to install it. Install Git: To install Git on Linux, you can use the package manager specific to your distribution. Here are the commands for some popular package managers: Ubuntu/Debian: sudo apt update sudo apt install git Fedora: sudo dnf install git CentOS/RHEL: sudo yum install git Arch Linux: sudo pacman -S git Replace the package manager commands with the appropriate one for your Linux distribution. Verify Installation: After installation, verify that Git is now installed by running the version command again: git --version Configure Git: Once Git is installed, you should configure your username and email address. Open a terminal and run the following commands, replacing

Maven Build lifecycle

Maven follows a predefined and well-defined build lifecycle that consists of a series of phases and goals. Each phase represents a specific step in the build process, and within each phase, one or more goals are executed. The build lifecycle ensures that project compilation, testing, packaging, and deployment tasks are carried out in a consistent and standardized manner. The three main build lifecycles in Maven are: Default Build Lifecycle: The default build lifecycle is the most commonly used and consists of the following phases: validate: Validates the project's structure and configuration. compile: Compiles the source code of the project. test: Executes unit tests using a suitable unit testing framework (e.g., JUnit). package: Packages the compiled code into a distributable format, such as a JAR or WAR. verify: Runs any checks on the results of integration tests to ensure the quality of the build. install: Installs the packaged artifact into the local repository for use as a dep

POM files

POM (Project Object Model) files are an essential part of Apache Maven. They are XML files used to define the configuration, dependencies, and other project-related information for Maven-based projects. POM files reside in the root directory of the project and have the name "pom.xml". Here are the key elements that can be specified in a POM file: Project Information: The POM file contains general information about the project, such as the project's name, description, version, and organization. Project Dependencies: POM files define the project's dependencies on external libraries or modules. Dependencies specify artifacts (JARs, WARs, etc.) that are required to build and run the project. Build Settings: Maven uses plugins to perform various build tasks. The POM file specifies which plugins to use and how to configure them for tasks like compiling code, running tests, packaging the project, etc. Project Repositories: POM files can include information about the reposito

Installation of Maven

To install Maven on your system, follow these steps: Step 1: Check Prerequisites Before installing Maven, make sure you have the following prerequisites installed on your system: Java Development Kit (JDK): Maven requires Java to be installed on your system. You can download and install the latest JDK from the Oracle website or adopt OpenJDK. Step 2: Download Maven Go to the Apache Maven website: Under "Files," download the latest binary zip archive of Maven (e.g., Make sure to choose the binary version, not the source version. Step 3: Extract the Archive Once the download is complete, extract the contents of the downloaded zip archive to a directory of your choice. For example, you can extract it to C:\Program Files (on Windows) or /opt (on Linux). Step 4: Set Environment Variables (Optional) (Windows Only) Set the M2_HOME environment variable to the directory where Maven is installed. For example, if you ext

Introduction to Maven

Maven is a popular build automation and project management tool primarily used for Java projects, although it can also be used for projects in other programming languages. It provides a comprehensive set of features for building, managing dependencies, and packaging software projects. Maven is an open-source tool developed by the Apache Software Foundation and is widely adopted in the Java development community. Key Features of Maven: Project Object Model (POM): At the heart of Maven is the Project Object Model (POM), which is an XML file that describes the project and its configuration. The POM includes project metadata, dependencies, build settings, plugins, and other essential information. Dependency Management: Maven simplifies the management of project dependencies. You can specify the required libraries and dependencies in the POM, and Maven will automatically download and manage them for you. This significantly reduces the burden of manually managing external dependencies. Buil

Experiment to Demonstrating Version Control with GitLab

  Title: Demonstrating Version Control with GitLab Objective: The objective of this experiment is to showcase the basic functionalities of version control using GitLab. We will create a simple project, set up a GitLab repository, and perform version control operations such as creating branches, making changes, committing changes, and merging branches. Tools and Technologies: GitLab Community Edition (CE) Git (command-line or Git GUI client) Web browser Experiment Steps: Step 1: Set Up GitLab Repository Create a new project/repository on GitLab. Clone the repository to your local development environment using Git. Step 2: Initialize the Project Create a new directory for the project on your local machine. Initialize a Git repository in this directory using the command: git init. Step 3: Configure Git Remote Set the GitLab repository as the remote for your local repository using the command: git remote add origin <GitLab_Repository_URL>. Step 4: Create and Switch Branches Create a